If you need a more accessible version of this website, click this button on the right. Switch to Accessible Site

What Can Cause a Bunion?

Tuesday, 31 August 2021 00:00

A bunion is a bony bump that forms at the main joint of the big toe because the joint was pulled out of alignment. This causes the big toe to be turned towards the rest of the toes. This condition gradually develops over time and becomes more and more painful around the base of the big toe. There are a variety of factors that can lead to the formation of bunions. Biomechanical factors such as overpronation or flat feet can lead to the development of a bunion. Footwear also plays a huge role in the formation of bunions because shoes that are too tight can put pressure on the toe, and the narrow toe box of high heels can also cause bunions to form. Age can play a role in the development of bunions because the ligaments in the toes lose strength over time. Patients who are struggling with bunion pain should visit a podiatrist for a proper treatment plan that may include orthotics or surgery. 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Ferndale, Milford, and Commerce Twp., MI . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What Are Bunions?
Connect with us